Open Scientific Publications
The basic task of scientific publishing is peer review of publications (quality assurance), transmission of information and registration of publications. Scientific publishing gives merit to the researcher and promotes the scientific discussion and transmission of information. Open access-publishing, in other words open publishing, aims at finding alternatives to service charges and operation models for limited access. The main objective of the open publishing is to have all articles immediately openly available in an information network and be accessible to everyone. The most obvious benefits of open publishing are increased visibility, effectiveness and usage of research data, this leads also to emergence of new innovations. Open publishing was also one of the main targets in the recommendations of the working group set by Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture. The working group was established to clarify the key factors for promotion of research information availability, open science and citizen science in Finland.
The main objective of the recommendations is to make research data and research publications openly available in an information network via an open interface (with some clarifications). At the moment a financial model is under development for domestic open publishing (Federation of Finnish Learned Societies, the National Library).
It has been estimated that about 48 % of all published scientific publications during the years 2008-2011 have been published openly (Archambault et.al 2011). The goal set by the EU is that 60 % of all publications should be openly published by the year 2020 (EU 2012).