Open science has internationally become a significant way of making science more reproducible and transparent and increasing its societal impact. In Finland, the Ministry of Education and Culture promotes research information availability and open science through the Open Science and Research Initiative, which is set out for the years 2014-2017. The objective is for Finland to become one of the leading countries in openness of science and research by the year 2017 and to ensure that the possibilities of open science will be widely utilised in our society. Read more about the Finnish Open Science and Research Initiative and Open science and research roadmap 2014-2017.
Evaluation of openness in research organisations and research funding organisations was completed in 2016 as part of the Open Science and Research Initiative. A similar evaluation was performed in 2015 and the next evaluation will be done in 2017.
Academic publisher costs dataset includes academic publisher costs paid by Finnish research organisations to publishers and suppliers during the years 2010–2016. Promotion of open science and transparency of public costs are cornerstones in the science policy of the Ministry of Education and Culture.
The impact of the Finnish open science and research initiative is an external evaluation ordered by Ministry of Education and Culture. According to this report the Open Science and Research Initiative has been a dynamic, multi-actor and multi-level facilitator of the transformation towards open science.
The framework for open science gives an overview of how various actors' open science and research processes as well as supporting services will form an interoperable system in the target state. This framework will guide the national principles of openness that govern the data and services used in science and research, the exchange of information, and the development of services that support openness.
The digital preservation solution for research data is currently being developed and will be in use in 2017. The solution is built together with the National Digital Library that takes care of the digital preservation of cultural heritage data. A joint digital preservation solution for digital data produces high-quality services cost-efficiently and allows diverse use of digital data.
The Academy of Finland, the biggest scientific funding agency in Finland, requires that Academy-funded projects commit to open access publishing and promotes open access to research data and methods. When applying for funding from the Academy, researchers must include in their research plans a publication plan and a data management plan. In Tekes-funded research projects, special attention is given to the practical exploitation of projects. Tekes recommends open access publishing and open research data when possible.
In 2017, most of the Finnish universities have published their data policies. The Finnish Social Science Data Archive provides a single point of access to a wide range of digital research data for learning, teaching and research purposes. The FIN-CLARIN consortium offers the services of the Language Bank of Finland and Open Science and Research Initiative offers a wide range of services.
The Finnish scientific journals are usually small non-profit journals but they have a huge national importance. The publishers are typically small scientific societies. The Federation of Finnish Learned Societies is a national co-operative body for learned societies in Finland and Federation of Finnish Learned Societies provides a new journal management and publishing service, Journal.fi, for open access journals.