Open Research Data
A large extent of accessibility and usability of research data fundamentally intensifies and promotes research, international cooperation, equal possibilities to usage of research data and enables new discoveries. Researchers, the scientific community, research funders and society as a whole benefit from the openness of research data and better opportunities for its reuse. Research data is open when it is available in usable and understandable formats in the information network, and its usage and possibilities to editing are not restricted. However, the research data should always be traceable to be considered as reliable.
The Data Management Guide, a tool for managing research data, has been established within the Research Data Initiative (TTA). Intended for researchers and anyone interested in the management of research data, this guide contains information on key areas of data management and useful links to, for example, existing services. A data management planning checklist has been made to assist researchers in data management planning, in addition to which the guide contains background information on, for example, the research process and available services.
In the recommendations of the working group set by Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture, the benefits of open data are described as follows "Increased and broader access to both the results and raw data of publicly funded research is desired, as it is understood to be beneficial in many ways. Open access to data and research results enable new business operations and further innovation, such as the creation of new services and applications. Openness is also economical and efficient: previously collected data and the conclusions drawn from it will be available for use by all interested parties (such as decision-makers, citizens and companies) globally, quickly and equally".